Beginning with the seventh chapter till chapter twenty-nine, the Lord instructs Uddhava, answering several doubts and questions raised by Uddhava. This part of Srimad Bhagavatham is generally referred to as Uddhava Gita. There is a remarkable resemblance in its content to the Bhagavad-Gita spoken to Arjuna by Sri Krishna in Mahabharat.
The Lord confirms to Uddhava, His intention to exit the world, the impending disaster waiting upon Dwaraka, the setting in of the disastrous Kali age and instructing Uddhava to develop a dispassionate outlook and an attitude of renunciation. Uddhava confesses his ignorance and says that he is too attached to this body and bodily ties as a result of the Lord’s Maya; and therefore afflicted by sorrows. He therefore seeks refuge in the Lord.
The Lord, in reply, states that, very often, with own efforts people are unable to reach fulfillment and therefore need the help of a Guru. He further states that, of all evolved bodies; the human body is most dear to Him as it provides the required apparatus for self-realization. Those who are ever vigilant, in this human body, directly discover Me, says the Lord. By way of illustration, the Lord narrates the ancient legend of a dialogue between Yadu and an ascetic of a high order. Yadu is amazed at the penetrating wisdom and simplicity and the blissful nature of the ascetic and inquires about the reasons for the same.
In answering this query of Yadu, the ascetic details the 24 gurus or preceptors from whom he has derived his lessons in life. This is an amazing list of items in our midst including the five primary elements from whom there is so much to learn. Of the 24 gurus cited, 8 gurus are dealt in chapter seven. They are the earth,air,sky,water,fire,moon,the sun and the dove.